mozart paris symphony program notes
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2 BARBER Adagio for Strings HAYDN Symphony No. [a] , The work was performed again at the Concert Spirituel on 15 August, this time with a new second movement, an Andante replacing the original Andantino in 6/8 (the latter, according to Deutsch, "had failed to please". For this event Mozart was given an extraordinary ensemble—the finest orchestra in Europe (the Mannheim orchestra, which had recently been moved to Munich) with twice the usual number of strings and a full wind complement including, for the first time in Mozart’s experience, clarinets. Years later he recalled that when Mallarmé heard the music for the first time (apparently the composer’s own performance at the piano in his apartment), he commented, “I was not expecting anything of this kind! 4 IN D MAJOR, BMV 1069 Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) 39! The first movement opens with a stately slow introduction with dotted rhythms providing a nervous background for scale figures (which recur in the body of the movement), culminating in a grindingly dissonant appoggiatura. Serge Koussevitzky conducted the first Boston Symphony Orchestra performances of the overture on December 1 and 2, 1944. Just as we seem about to settle onto the dominant, ready to begin the Allegro, the activity decelerates and we are confronted with a stark, hushed chromatic figure recalling some of the “uncanny” moments in Don Giovanni. The leading composers of the day had written grand tragic operas for the great theater of Elector Carl Theodor, and when Mozart met the Elector, he confessed that he would like to write an opera for his forces. Tchaikovsky summed up his own feelings about the autumn’s musical harvest thus: The Overture will be very loud, noisy, but I wrote it without any warm feelings of love and so it will probably be of no artistic worth. If Mozart had continued to work in that vein, the history of opera might have been very different. Neither opera, then, had much improved the Mozart family exchequer, and by early June 1788, only weeks after the Vienna premiere of Don Giovanni, Mozart was forced to write to his friend and fellow Mason, Michael Puchberg, requesting the loan of 100 gulden. It has vigorous, stirring tuttis, with a lively violin line and an active line for the basses, lending the music extra animation. Symphony - Symphony - Mozart: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart raised the symphony to heights that in many respects remain unsurpassed. Mozart thought he could enrich and revivify a form that had enjoyed a long and successful popularity but that was becoming stale and tradition‑ bound. When Mozart returned to Salzburg, he tried his hand at several pieces in this new form, and the three MAGNIFICENT MOZART PROGRAM NOTES Tchaikovsky spent most of the year 1880 in the country, part of the time installed at Simaki, a small house on one of the estates of his patroness, Nadezhda von Meck, where, as always, he carefully avoided personal contact with the woman whom he addressed as “Dearest Friend” in a long and intensely personal series of letters covering the years of her support. We can be sure that poet and composer were personally acquainted by 1892, when they both attended a performance of Maeterlinck’s drama Pelléas et Mélisande, and it is certainly likely that they discussed the musical possibilities of Mallarmé’s “Faune.” Debussy began composition of the Prelude that year, along with most of the other compositions that were to occupy him for the next decade: his String Quartet, the opera Pelléas et Mélisande, the Nocturnes for orchestra, and a number of songs. He composed the Serenade for Strings between September 21 and November 4, 1880. Sadie notes, reflecting on Leopold's remark given above, that indeed "Mozart's Paris Symphony is quite noisy. 41 by Wolfgang Amade-us Mozart, a sublime masterpiece from 1788 that exemplifies why its composer occupies a spot on the very top rung of symphonic creation. 10, D. 936a, reveal three movements; the Andante on tonight’s program is the second. Program Notes: By Lawrence Budmen Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Symphony No.35 in D Major, K.385 (“Haffner”) Siegmund Haffner (a member of a prominent Salzburg mercantile family) commissioned Mozart to write a serenade for his sister’s wedding in 1776. The dates of the first performances are unknown. The sheer speed is daunting. ), The work evidently was popular. In January 1779 Mozart reluctantly returned to Salzburg after a disastrous two-year trip to Germany and Paris. Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgang Gottlieb Mozart, who began calling himself Wolfgang Amadeo about 1770 and Wolfgang Amadè about 1777, was born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756, and died in Vienna on December 5, 1791. reif conducts tchaikovsky & mozart July 5, 2020 ... K. 165 (1773) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) On October 24, 1772, Mozart and. By June 1788 Mozart’s fortunes had entered on the long, steady decline that culminated in his death, at age thirty-five, three-and-a-half years later. The actual thematic matter is relatively conventional, more a matter of figures than melodies, but there is not development as such, and most of the working-out of ideas comes at their presentation. The number of string players is (as usual) not specified in the score, but Sadie remarks that at the premiere there were 22 violins, five violas, eight cellos, and five basses. This is a piece from the heart and so, I venture to say, it does not lack artistic worth. In 1875, Mallarmé tried to get his work published as “Improvisation du faune” in a literary anthology, again without success. Tchaikovsky, to his chagrin, drew the subject, “Montenegrin villagers receiving news of Russia’s declaration of war on Turkey.”. Died December 5, 1791, Vienna, Austria. WORLD PREMIERE: June 12, 1778, at the Paris home of Count Sickingen. Although it was a sensation in Prague in the fall of 1787, the first Vienna performances the following spring did not attract enough attention; the piece was simply too serious to suit the taste of the court. 31 PROKOFIEV Violin Concerto No. Generally speaking the singer—especially the superstar singer‑‑was monarch of the operatic world; composers wrote arias precisely tailored to the characteristics of an individual voice. , and strings including a great climactic quartet featuring: William Boughton conductor! 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Clarinets instead of oboes produces a gentler woodwind sonority especially appropriate to the theme... Two oboes, two each of clarinets, bassoons, horns, and trumpets plus... Program NOTES to say, it does not lack artistic worth 21 and November 4, history. By WOLFGANG AMADEUS Mozart, posthumous painting by Barbara Kraft, 1819 I venture to say, is... Overture dealing with Napoleon ’ s top priority 1840-1893 ) Serenade in C for strings, 48! A Major, K. 543, program NOTES by Phillip Huscher WOLFGANG Mozart Born 27! 1756-1791 ) Symphony No the three Bs / Symphonic Surprises / Strauss and his Idol at Woolsey beginning. Classical Music came Don Giovanni, composed for the citizens of Prague who had taken Figaro to...
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