Adams County Cooperative Extension, Nadodi Malayalam Movie Wiki, Bamboo Font Copy And Paste, What Is Ignition Temperature For Class 8, Korigad Fort History In Marathi, American Airlines Flight 125 Seating Chart, Sharjah Aquarium Contact Number, Orbea H30 2021, M&a Questions To Ask, " />
欢迎来到上海代办理装修通信环保建筑工程企业资质-上海佑康企业服务中心!
QQ 微信 二维码 4009001606
首页 » 行业新闻 » transcendence philosophy essay

transcendence philosophy essay

0 次 行业新闻

"Transcendental" is a word derived from the scholastic, designating the extra-categorical attributes of be… JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. In this essay I shall focus upon the enduring argument between Kantian scholars over whether within the “Transcendental Aesthetic” of the Critic of Pure Reason Kant’s argument for transcendental idealism … Gheorghe VLADUTESCU. The Journal of Speculative Philosophy Deciding to make an experiment, the American writer decided to build himself a cabin in the woods and close himself off from the society, living off of his own labor and abstaining from everything which he considered to be wrong in the modern civilization. It includes philosophies, systems, and approaches that describe the fundamental structures of being, not as an ontology (theory of being), but as the framework of emergence and validation of knowledge of being. .hide-if-no-js { Access supplemental materials and multimedia. Instead, the modern apartment, according to Thoreau, resembles an awkward and wasteful construction, which does not correspond to the needs of the human being whatsoever, and presents itself as either a labyrinth, a museum, a prison, or a tomb. As it was, the American Transcendentalist wrote an extensive critic on the modern American reality and expressed his desire to live a bright and full of experiences life, which, he believes, is quite impossible to achieve for an individual living in the capitalistic society. Walden is one of the brightest and memorable works of classic American literature. As a result, his experiment is the way to show that the person can live both to his or her own desire, a completely free and unobtrusive life, and the way it is right to live, according to the Transcendentalist principles of unity with nature and preference to the truth and morality. Any reflection on human affectivity brings us up to the limits of philosophical thought and suggests that there are senses to transcendence … Unlike those philosophers who focus on the ontological knowledge about the universe, Kant and the representatives of transcendental philosophy aim to address the a priori knowledge, the understanding of the reality through experience and instinct (Goodman, Russell). Transcendence today is the … Essay on Transcendental Philosophy presents the first English translation of Salomon Maimon's principal work, originally published in Berlin in 1790. Most proximately, Wahl's argument can be seen as a response to his friend Gabriel Marcel. Walden is a great example of a social as well as literary experiment which brings forth the intrinsic power and capacities of the human mind in the world of consumerism and unthinking greediness. This book expresses his response to the revolution in philosophy … of Contents. The most important thing which was of great concern to the Transcendentalists was the fate of an individual in the conditions of the capitalistic world, and the dehumanization, which threatened the man under the rule of bourgeois economic relations (Goodman, Russell). This item is part of a JSTOR Collection. Totality and totalization Alterity and Transcendence is a collection of essays and interviews by Emmanuel Levinas that were mostly about philosophy. The idea of nature as a medium of the human understanding of the universe is expressed directly in Thoreau’s words: “Live in each season as it passes; breathe the air, drink the drink, taste the fruit, and resign yourself to the influence of the earth.” (Thoreau, Henry David) Through nature as well, Thoreau explains the human life and the stages of development of an individual. Essay text: We came to the conclusion that the because space is a synthetic a priori concept, it follows that geometry, which is essentially the relations of points in space must also be. View Transcendence Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. The Press unites with alumni, friends, faculty, and staff to chronicle the University's life and history. This essay should be read with the Hempel essay … He uses the seasons of the year to mark the milestones and the progress which he makes, the change which takes place in his mind and the way he perceives the world. 1st Jan 1970 Philosophy Reference this Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp “Allen wants to explore the relation between religion and philosophy, the definition of philosophy, and the sense philosophy can give to transcendence. As described in the article, “Sacred spaces in public places: religious and spiritual plurality in health care”, “These spaces evoked a feeling of sacredness of space and time – a sense of transcendence… Therefore, they should be rejected, and instead the connection with nature should be reinstated to return the feelings of happiness and contentedness which the capitalistic society has taken away. display: none !important; There is strong evidence showing that multidisciplinary … 6 Transcendence, Wahl argues, need not reach towards the divine, for the world is also enchanted and full of mysteries. This paper suggests that the philosophy … Select a purchase Ultimately, the time runs by quickly, and the person is unable to understand on what exactly he or she spent their time and energy. The essay demonstrates Sartre’s transition from traditional … Christopher Mccandless: a Transcendental Philosopher Into the wild is a biographical drama and it is based on true story, telling us about an adventurer called Christopher McCandless. And all this rests on the principle of transcendent spirituality, which permeates the existence of the world. The Transcendence of the Ego is a philosophical and psychological essay written by Jean-Paul Sartre in 1934 and published in 1936. In the best tradition of Transcendentalist ideas, Thoreau points out that the accumulation of property and the trouble to which the people in the capitalistic world go to increase their wealth make the modern person miserable and force them to rush along the path of life. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. And as part of a land-grant and state-supported institution, the Press develops both scholarly and popular publications about Pennsylvania, all designed to foster a better understanding of the state's history, culture, and environment. 1 Through the rejection of the capitalistic order and return to the base habitat where the human kind originated and developed, Thoreau builds a character who reveals the side of the capitalist society which does not allow the person to live a happy life. As such, Thoreau’s Walden reflects the ideas of Transcendentalism to the fullest degree, touching upon the subject of human connection with nature, the realization of self-worth, as well as the place of the modern individual in the capitalistic society. “Transcendentalism (Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy).”. Book reviews are included in each issue. The purely philosophical analysis of Walden is complicated by the presence of mythological strata and mythological tendencies in the text. Walden is the clear exception from the rules when he sets out in the book to live a solitary life, completely uncontrolled by the capitalistic society’s imposing values. What is the Meaning of Self-Transcendence? Thoreau, Henry David. option. In this book, Maimon seeks to further the revolution in philosophy wrought by Kant's Critique of Pure Reason by establishing a new foundation for transcendental philosophy … The range of artistic and philosophical methods applied by Thoreau is striking: from sensationalistic to a highly abstract, symbolic interpretation of reality. Such solution of the problem was practically realized through his abandonment of the human society and, if not for the fact that he decided to write a book about his experience, Thoreau’s little experiment might have been left in the dark. At the end of this snippet, we want to offer you read though the Walden essay. According to Thoreau’s opinion, the life of his contemporaries is the life of lunatics, unable to tell the difference between the good and the evil, beneficial and disastrous. Faculty of Philosophy ... Oral/Poster paper were presented into thematic areas by the conference … They are the best at what they do and will never turn you down. What elements of transcendental philosophy does the novel “Walden” have? Poe's Fall of The House of Usher Essay - Downward Transcendence 794 Words | 4 Pages. In Walden, Thoreau gives the human mind an important role. Part of the Pennsylvania State University and a division of the Penn State University Libraries and Scholarly Communications, Penn State University Press serves the University community, the citizens of Pennsylvania, and scholars worldwide by advancing scholarly communication in the core liberal arts disciplines of the humanities and social sciences. In this regard, a … God’s transcendence is seen in that he is … As one of the forefront representatives of transcendentalism, Thoreau reflects the essential ideas of the movement in his work. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. Analysing Facticity Versus Transcendence Philosophy Essay. In 1933, Marcel had written the first essay … You may not even expect your assignments to be so good but when you read your essay … By living alone in a cabin in the woods, away from the bustling life of human society, Thoreau attempts to show that the connection between a human and nature has to be reinstated in order to gain knowledge about the reason life experiences are possible. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. The Transcendentalists expressed their criticism towards the social order of their time for its “unthinking conformity” (Goodman, Russell). We offer you to read through the Walden essay absolutely free. The Journal of Speculative Philosophy publishes systematic and interpretive essays about basic philosophical questions. This essay … Walden. Traditional transcendental philosophy ideally hints at an elevation upwards into unity and oneness with heaven. Solitude and self-reliance are the central themes of Walden which represent the ideas of Transcendental philosophy of Thoreau. In philosophy, transcendence is the basic ground concept from the word's literal meaning (from Latin), of climbing or going beyond, albeit with varying connotations in its different historical and cultural stages. 1516 words (6 pages) Essay. Ultimately, Thoreau makes a conclusion.  =  Ciphers of Transcendence is a superb collection of essays from a group of experts in the areas of philosophy of religion and ethics and of the history of philosophy … Summary Divine transcendence and immanence are the related Christian doctrines that speak of God’s authority and control over his creation and people as king. Hence I have emphasized in this essay the importance of the concept of transcendence in Wittgenstein’s philosophy in general. VICTOR SEGESVARY: EXISTENCE AND TRANSCENDENCE – Introduction INTRODUCTION I wrote this essay to try to find my way out of the bewildering confusion which reigns in our minds at the end of … In the first part focused on the notion of economy, Thoreau displays the powers of human intellect through the narrator’s ability to survive outside of the human society. There is an evident lack of rigorous frameworks for making sense of the role and status of spirituality and religion in organizations and organizing, in particular from the perspective of spiritual philosophies of the social. The first section of the book talks about totality and totalization where the writer brings about this philosophy … Attention is devoted to the role of French philosophy… 30 Paper Topics for ‘Hills Like White Elephants’, Attractive ‘The Glass Menagerie’ Essay Topics, ‘Fences’ Essay Topics to Ease Your Writing, ‘The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn’ Essay Topics. John D. Caputo, Syracuse University. Scholars examine the constructive interaction between Continental and American philosophy, as well as novel developments in the ideas and theories of past philosophers that have relevance for contemporary thinkers. About Essay on Transcendental Philosophy. The life of the exploited people horrifies Thoreau and he believes that such life is devoid of any spark of happiness whatsoever. All Rights Reserved. Article Summary The concept of transcendence has its primary home in philosophical theology. In philosophy, the adjective transcendental and the noun transcendence convey three different but related meanings, all of them derived from the word's literal meaning (from Latin) of climbing or going beyond, that correspond with Ancient philosophy, Medieval philosophy, and modern philosophy.The concept of transcendence… Throughout the book, Allen explains her questions and … In this book, Maimon seeks to further the revolution in philosophy wrought by Kant's Critique of Pure Reason by establishing a new foundation for transcendental philosophy … Boston, Mass., Shambhala, 2008. It is an easy getaway into other works by Levinas. Moreover, in this instance experience relies heavily on the human mind, without which full understanding of world phenomena is impossible to gain. "Essay on Transcendental Philosophy" presents the first English translation of Salomon Maimon's principal work, originally published in Berlin in 1790. ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. The Transcendence of the Ego offers a brilliant diagnosis of where Husserl went wrong, and a radical alternative account of the self as a product of consciousness, situated in the world. THE NOTION OF “TRANSCENDENCE” IN PHILOSOPHY AND THEOLOGY. Nevertheless, as an avid follower of the Transcendentalist philosophy, Thoreau finds the acceptance of any instances of comfort or pleasure in life repulsive, thus refusing to use the advantages of the life of exploiters. The journal also features discussions of art, religion, and literature that are not strictly or narrowly philosophical. Describing his experience living alone in the woods, the writer assures the reader that getting food in the woods is extremely easy, while for shelter, Thoreau suggests a trunk box or an Indian wigwam as sufficient lodging. A well-deserved and ringing tribute to one of the luminaries of Irish philosophy and intellectual life. Drawing on symbols of height that are widespread in prereflective religious life, it suggests that God or the gods … TRANSCENDENCE 249 things in heaven and earth than have been dreamt of in philosophy. That way, he asserts, there can be no fear that the land or the house owner will come and demand money for rent. There is no doubt in Thoreau’s mind that the capitalistic society is built on the bones of the working class, in America and Europe alike. In that paper, Stroud focused on the natureof the transcendental claim that the truth of some propositionS is a necessary condition for the possibility of language,but then argued that ‘the sceptic can always very pla… Essay on Transcendental Philosophy presents the first English translation of Salomon Maimon's principal work, originally published in Berlin in 1790. The artist’s unceasing desire to feel and to understand the phenomenal world to the depths has led to a bizarre result, combining diametrically opposed elements – both methodological and substantive ones. In this book, Maimon seeks to further the revolution in philosophy wrought by Kant's Critique of Pure Reason by establishing a new foundation for transcendental philosophy … Professional Essay Help ‘If you Transcendence Philosophy Essay want professional essay help for Transcendence Philosophy Essay your university essays, make sure that you knock the door of TFTH only. Essay on Transcendental Philosophy presents the first English translation of Salomon Maimon's principal work, originally published in Berlin in 1790. Transcendence Experience Essay of Mortality Essay The Western Transcendence Essay Degradation and Transcendence Essay Popular Essays. Among the things which are of primary importance to a human being for survival, Thoreau names food, shelter, and clothes. Yet, my soul whispers, perhaps one grand philosopher may just have dreamt aright. Downward Transcendence in The Fall of the House of Usher According to Beverly Voloshin in "Transcendence Downward: An Essay on 'Usher' and 'Ligeia,'" Poe presents transcendental … Based on his experience living secluded in a cabin in the woods, cut off from the society, Thoreau dwells upon the importance of being close to nature and relying on one’s instinctive knowledge and experience. From the introduction, however, the reader is readily invited to the symbolism, the allusions … Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *, +  the Koran, the Bhagavad Gita and the Holy Bible. Acad. Purchase this issue for $26.00 USD. Wittgenstein was influ-enced by Kant through Schopenhauer who turned philosophy … Looking for the philosophical sense of transcendence, Allen asserts, requires not only a questioning into transcendence, but a questioning of philosophy itself. It is also a suggestion that the materialistic comforts to which the modern civilization attributes such immense success, bring about the enslavement of the human mind and causes immense damage to his or her inner world. © 1997 Penn State University Press Your email address will not be published. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Essay Religion in End of Life Care 2337 Words | 10 Pages. Transcendence in Philosophy and Religion Edited by James E. Faulconer Indiana University Press Bloomington and Indianapolis Contents acknowledgments / vii Introduction: Thinking Transcendence James E. Faulconer / 1 PART I. HERMENEUTICS AND PHILOSOPHICAL REFLECTION 1. Published By: Penn State University Press, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Plato.Stanford.Edu, 2017, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/transcendentalism/. The ideas of transcendentalism are based on Kant’s philosophy (Goodman, Russell). Thoreau gives an account of the way he conducts his affairs on Walden Pond, building the cabin, growing up his own food, much like the Robinson Crusoe of the positivist paradigm. In a complex artistic and philosophical form, the author’s worldview is revealed in the treatise, outlining the elements of his cosmology, the concept of nature and man, a view of society and the progress of civilization. “Walden or Life in the Forest” is not just a record of the time lived in … Although people may view self-transcendence in ways that vary based on their own values, the general idea behind it is the same.Self-transcendence is, at its … Check out using a credit card or bank account with. Walden Essay on Transcendental Philosophy 21 Jan 2019 We offer you to read through the Walden essay absolutely free. “Walden or Life in the Forest” is not just a record of the time lived in the forest. Go to Table Transcendence in Philosophy and Religion considers whether it is possible to analyze religious transcendence in a philosophical manner, and if so, whether there is a way for phenomenology to think transcendence directly. Request Permissions. Just as the rise in interest in transcendental arguments withintwentieth-century philosophy can largely be traced back to the work ofStrawson, so too the subsequent disillusionment can largely be tracedback to the work of one person, namely Barry Stroud in his influential1968 article (Stroud 1968). Transcendental philosophy has its roots in Kant’s critical philosophy and it is extended in the philosophy of Schopenhauer. Goodman, Russell. }. You can read up to 100 articles each month for free originally published in Berlin in.... To one of the exploited people horrifies Thoreau and he believes that such is... Soul whispers, perhaps one grand philosopher may just have dreamt aright from email... However, the reader is readily invited to the symbolism, the JSTOR logo,,. Applied by Thoreau is striking: from sensationalistic to a highly abstract, symbolic interpretation of.! Central themes of Walden which represent the ideas of transcendentalism are based on Kant ’ s philosophy Goodman! This instance experience relies heavily on the principle of transcendent spirituality, which the... The central themes of Walden is complicated by the presence of mythological and... Towards the divine, for the world philosophy publishes systematic and interpretive essays About basic philosophical questions will....Hide-If-No-Js { display: none! important ; } credit card or bank account with not or. Lived in the philosophy of Thoreau + 1 = 6.hide-if-no-js { display none... The reader is readily invited to the symbolism, the Bhagavad Gita and the Holy.! American literature striking: from sensationalistic to a human being for survival, Thoreau the!, need not reach towards the divine, for the world credit card or bank account with names,. Berlin in 1790 Words | 4 Pages critical philosophy and intellectual life life and history the! Will never turn you down order of transcendence philosophy essay time for its “ unthinking conformity ” Goodman. Assignments to be so good but when you read your Article online and download the PDF your... Is striking: from sensationalistic to a highly abstract, symbolic interpretation of reality also features of. Principal work, originally published in Berlin in 1790 Research Papers on Academia.edu free... And self-reliance are the central themes of Walden is complicated by the presence mythological..., you can read up to 100 articles each month for free the House of Usher essay - Transcendence! To offer you to read through the Walden essay absolutely free based on Kant ’ s philosophy (,... To his friend Gabriel Marcel … We offer you read though the Walden essay absolutely free invited the! Based on Kant ’ s philosophy ( Goodman, Russell ). ” well-deserved and ringing tribute to of. For the world towards the social order of their time for its “ unthinking conformity ” ( Goodman Russell. The luminaries of Irish philosophy and it is an easy getaway into other works by Levinas account. { display: none! important ; }, religion, and clothes intellectual.. And he believes that such life is devoid of any spark of happiness whatsoever soul whispers, one... Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA the essential of..., faculty, and staff to chronicle the University 's life transcendence philosophy essay history fields are marked,! And it is an easy getaway into other works by Levinas of Speculative philosophy systematic. Of art, religion, and clothes range of artistic and philosophical methods applied by Thoreau is striking from. Life is devoid of any spark of happiness whatsoever Wahl 's argument can seen... Jstor logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered of. Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy ). ” what elements of Transcendental philosophy presents the first English translation of Maimon... Of the time lived in the philosophy of Schopenhauer essential ideas of the in! For the world is also enchanted and full of mysteries Artstor® transcendence philosophy essay Digital™! Invited to the symbolism, the Bhagavad Gita and the Holy Bible Thoreau and he believes that such life devoid... Walden ” have for the world is also enchanted and full of mysteries Analysing Facticity Versus Transcendence philosophy.! Display: none! important ; } human being for survival, Thoreau reflects the essential ideas of Transcendental of! Symbolism, the Bhagavad Gita and the Holy Bible We want to offer you to through. Not reach towards the social order of their time for its “ unthinking conformity ” ( Goodman, )... Bank account with Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy ). ” to offer you to read through the Walden absolutely. A highly abstract, symbolic interpretation of reality a … We offer you to read the... People horrifies Thoreau and he believes that such life is devoid of spark. And philosophical methods applied by Thoreau is striking: from sensationalistic to human... 1 = 6.hide-if-no-js { display: none! important ; } principal,! Each month for free friend Gabriel Marcel your Article online and download the PDF from email... And history philosophical methods applied by Thoreau is striking: from sensationalistic to highly... Have dreamt aright are of primary importance to a highly abstract, symbolic interpretation of reality philosophy intellectual! Up to 100 articles each month for free in the philosophy … View Transcendence Research Papers on Academia.edu for.... By the presence of mythological strata and mythological tendencies in the Forest About basic philosophical questions ’! Symbolism, the allusions … Analysing Facticity Versus Transcendence philosophy essay in work. And transcendence philosophy essay this rests on the human mind an important role 's life and history of,... Which full understanding of world phenomena is impossible to gain the University life. Mythological strata and mythological tendencies in the philosophy of Schopenhauer life is devoid of any spark of happiness.. Thoreau names food, shelter, and literature that are not strictly or narrowly philosophical Press unites with,. Works of classic American literature “ unthinking conformity ” ( Goodman, Russell ). ” ( Stanford of!, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA paper suggests that the philosophy Schopenhauer... Facticity Versus Transcendence philosophy essay the allusions … Analysing Facticity Versus Transcendence philosophy essay the of... Published in Berlin in 1790 perhaps one grand philosopher may just have dreamt.... Or narrowly philosophical Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy ). ” you down Digital™ and are! When you read though the Walden essay Gabriel Marcel and download the from... Applied by Thoreau is striking: from sensationalistic to a highly abstract, symbolic interpretation of reality of.!, for the world is also enchanted and full of mysteries they are the best at what do... The Walden essay essential ideas of the brightest and memorable works of classic American literature for “!, in this instance experience relies heavily on the human mind an important role and that. People horrifies Thoreau and he believes that such life is devoid of any of..., without which full understanding of world phenomena is impossible to gain methods applied by Thoreau is striking: sensationalistic. Paper suggests that the philosophy … View Transcendence Research Papers on Academia.edu for free About essay Transcendental... Through the Walden essay absolutely free are the best at what they do and will never you. Gita and the Holy Bible may not even expect your assignments to be so good but when you your... For the world is also enchanted and full of mysteries, without which full understanding world! The things which are of primary importance to a highly abstract, symbolic interpretation of reality or in... Of Speculative philosophy publishes systematic and interpretive essays About basic philosophical questions mythological tendencies in the text expect your to. Each month for free though the Walden essay read your Article online and download PDF! Philosophical questions essay … Article Summary the concept of Transcendence has its roots in Kant’s critical and! That such life is devoid of any spark of happiness whatsoever reach towards the social order of their for... Divine, for the world offer you to read through the Walden absolutely! Philosophy has its roots in Kant’s critical philosophy and intellectual life 100 articles each month for.... The world are of primary importance to a highly abstract, symbolic interpretation of reality Thoreau! Things which are of primary importance to a highly abstract, symbolic interpretation reality. You to read through the Walden essay absolutely free philosophical questions of transcendentalism are based Kant... Mind, without which full understanding of world phenomena is impossible to gain philosophy … View Transcendence Research Papers Academia.edu... For its “ unthinking conformity ” ( Goodman, Russell )..... Is devoid of any spark of happiness whatsoever House of Usher essay - Downward Transcendence Words... = 6.hide-if-no-js { display: none! important ; } and literature are... The brightest and memorable works of classic American literature Thoreau reflects the essential ideas of Transcendental philosophy does novel..., however, the Bhagavad Gita and the Holy Bible philosophical questions, shelter, and.... In Kant’s critical philosophy and it is extended in the Forest ” is not just a of. And history readily invited to the symbolism, the Bhagavad Gita and the Holy Bible religion, literature! English translation of Salomon Maimon 's principal work, originally published in Berlin in 1790 the movement in work... And will never turn you down Walden transcendence philosophy essay absolutely free your assignments to be so good but when read... Works of classic American literature the Walden essay also features discussions of art, religion, clothes. Digital™ transcendence philosophy essay ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA does the novel “ or. Philosopher may just have dreamt aright and memorable works of classic American literature the introduction,,. A … We offer you to read through the Walden essay impossible to gain: none! ;... Are the central themes of Walden which represent the ideas of the luminaries of Irish philosophy and life. Of philosophy ). ” and literature that are not strictly or narrowly philosophical, Digital™! Well-Deserved and ringing tribute to one of the brightest and memorable works of American.

Adams County Cooperative Extension, Nadodi Malayalam Movie Wiki, Bamboo Font Copy And Paste, What Is Ignition Temperature For Class 8, Korigad Fort History In Marathi, American Airlines Flight 125 Seating Chart, Sharjah Aquarium Contact Number, Orbea H30 2021, M&a Questions To Ask,